The Chickasaw Plum (in my neck of the woods) will flower in the spring/late summer. It was known to have been cultivated by Native Americans even before the discovery of the Americas and subsequent colonization by Europeans. I’ve been on that property many times during the spring and summer, but every time I went it was either blooming or the birds and other critters had cleaned out all the plums. it looks like a peach, plum, etc. The fruit is eaten by various animals, and the foliage provides cover for nesting sites. Weekend Warrior enjoy their free time in the outdoors between jobs, kids, and all of the craziness of life. A true edible ornamental, thickets of native Chickasaw plum are a welcome sight to bears, raccoons, foxes, deer, man, and other wildlife. Large and thin-skinned with a soft juicy sweet pulp, it has a dlicious flavour and is very good eaten out of hand, whilst it can also be used in pies, preserves etc[183, 274]. Unless they are quite old, the diameter of the trees are not usually very large, and have a thicket like appearance. The 0.5-inch-diameter fruits which follow are red, ripening to yellow, and are ex… American plum (Prunus americana Marsh.) IDENTIFICATION: Chickasaw Plum: Small thorny tree to 25 feet, usually much smaller, flower small, under half an inch, 5 white petals, fragrant; reddish orange anthers, appear in clumps in early spring before the leaves, fruit bright yellow to red, round to oval, 1/3 to 1/2 inch in diameter, flesh juicy small plum, bark first smooth and reddish then with numerous elongated light horizontal hash marks. This tree is quite drought tolerant, and will grow in just about any type of soil (all the while providing food for people and/or wildlife). The plums change from yellow to red as they ripen. They provide abundant crops of small bright red plums that ripen to yellow and make delicious jelly. You get two plants for pollination, but plant more for an attractive screen—8-10 ft. tall. Growing 20 feet tall and wide, Chickasaw plum forms a rounded mass of slender, thorny branches sprouting from a short trunk. Chickasaw plum (Prunus angustifolia) is a plum native to the southern United States and is hardy from USDA Zones 6-9.A member of the Rosaceae (rose) family, it reaches 12 to 20 feet tall and about as wide at maturity.Found mainly in disturbed areas, the small half-inch flowers bloom on the previous year’s wood before the foliage emerges, making them particularly showy. Deer and turkey relish its sweet red fruit in late summer. There were ripe fruit still left, but I probably missed the big harvest (but I made myself a note for next year). Found in the North Florida area by Mr. Odom, an employee of Superior nursery. The native peoples would eat the fruit outright, or dry it for little sugar action during the winter months. Interactive Koppen Climate Classification Map for the United States; Interactive Koppen Climate Classification Map for Canada; It is “twiggy” in nature, and has a scaly, almost black bark. They require full … Chickasaw Plum. The very tart fruit is now most often used in preserves and Jellies with a little added sweetener. The fruit is up to 18mm in diameter. Then the small fruits appear, turning from red to yellow as they ripen. It occurs naturally in dry hammocks, woodland edges, and disturbed areas and roadsides. This particular tree loves sandy soil, but will grow just about anywhere it is allowed to establish, and get full to mostly full sun. His friend squished one, tasted it, and went wide eyed because it was sweet and a little tart! This particular patch had a deer bed under the thicket. On a very hot scouting trip in North Louisiana I came to a thicket of the plummy kind. Seed - raw or cooked. They begin as small red plums and turn yellow as they ripen and grow larger. Sand plums, also known as Chickasaw plum, Cherokee plum, or Sandhill plum (Prunus angustifolia Marshall), are native fruit-producing shrubs or small trees in Oklahoma (Figure 1). Prunus angustifolia (Chickasaw Plum) up to 25 ft.; useful naturalizing tree or large shrub; forms colonies; June fruit is popular for jelly making; raccoons, opossums, and birds also enjoy the fruit… I wholeheartedly agree—it isn’t every day you can find something wild that you can actually turn into booze. It grows with multiple stems with branches that have reddish brown bark, and it yields 1/4- to 1/2-inch-wide yellow, orange or red plums with thin skin. You can see the short thicket of the Chickasaw Plum. Edible parts of Chickasaw Plum: Fruit - raw, cooked or dried for later use. The fruit can also be used to make wine. Enjoy the fruits of your labor! Turning Natures Bounty Into Booze! Sand plums bear red-orange plums eaten by many types of wildlife as well as human foragers. Plum Trees Not Fruiting. This particular patch of choked brush was found by my father, and a hunting buddy several years ago when they were bushogging an access trail to a deer stand. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Oct 3, 2017 - Foraging Texas is the guide to edible and medicinal plants of Texas Prunus angustifolia - Chickasaw plum Range Map. With that said, the trunks of the Chickasaw plum trees are not that thick. They are often found growing wild along highways, especially in the southern part of the United States. It is "twiggy" in nature, and has a scaly, almost black bark. Loup Garou (Rougarou) – The Cajun Werewolf. Masses of white flowers cover the canopy just before the leaves appear in spring. Growing 20 feet tall and wide, Chickasaw plum forms a rounded mass of slender, thorny branches sprouting from a short trunk. The Chickasaw Plum can satisfy many applications in the landscape. Plum juice can be fermented into plum wine. The plums found in the grocery store are domestic varieties. Beautiful red fruit is of large size, crisp and sweet. [12], They grow around Beaver County Oklahoma and Lipscomb county Texas. Interactive Koppen Climate Classification Map for the United States; Interactive Koppen Climate Classification Map for Canada; Dover Pub., Inc. New York. Chickasaw Plum trees DO sucker, but not so badly as to be "invasive" in my opinion. Prunus angustifolia - Chickasaw plum Range Map. The small fruit are delicious if left to ripen fully on the tree. Chickasaw plum (Prunus angustifolia) is a multi-trunked, deciduous, native plum tree that grows from 12 to 20 feet tall, spreading 15 to 20 feet wide in USDA zones 6a through 9b.Chickasaw plum shows white to cream or gray flowers in spring, later yielding fleshy, round plums 1/2 to 1 inch in diameter. tree). They are impressive to look at when in bloom. Get out and try something that you've always wanted to. They are covered with white flowers in the mid-to-late winter and the fruit is ready to pick by the beginning of June. Vol. The Chickasaw Plum as it is commonly called (also called Cherokee Plum, Sandhill Plum, and probably other names) is known to be a wild plum with an interesting history. I hope this site helps to inspire you to get out and experience God's creation and all of its wonders. You can tell right after bloom if your tree will set fruit. [11] Because of its attractive bark, small leaves and thin branches, Chickasaw plum is also sometimes used for bonsai. If you have a large landscape, plant Chickasaw Plum as a beautiful tree to protect our environment. Once established, it is very drought tolerant. Chickasaw Plum trees DO sucker, but not so badly as to be "invasive" in my opinion. I had to add a few store bought plums to get enough fruit, but it made a delicious, bright wine. Once the flowers are pollinated, the plums start to grow. Little, E. L. Checklist of United States Trees. In areas of partial shade, it will be thinner and less dense, and each plant will be more spread out. They will have one or two sucker plants come up from the root system within … I must admit that I’m not even certain that I haven’t found a hybrid between the Chickasaw and American Plum. hybridizes naturally with P. angustifolia to produce P. × orthosepala Koehne.[10]. They are covered with white flowers in the mid-to-late winter and the fruit is ready to pick by the beginning of June. The taste of the plum fruit ranges from sweet to tart; the skin itself may be particularly tart. Chickasaw plums form a rounded mass of slen… The fruit can be anywhere from bright yellow (as were all of the fruits from this thicket) to red. It should be part of a native landscape planting. Introduction. The plums are cherry-like and tend to be quite tart until they fully ripen. The fruit can also be used to make wine. They also provide food for a variety of species. The 1/2 inch edible fruits change from red to yellow when fully ripe. 1965. 1791. [7] They ripen in late summer. The flowers are very attractive to a wide range of pollinators. Chickasaw Plum, Watson's plum, Hally Jolivette Cherry: Family: Rosaceae: ... Fruit - raw, cooked or dried for later use[82, 149, 274]. The fruit is consumed by numerous birds and other animals (Kansas Forest Service, 2010). Chickasaw plum grows 12 to 20 ft tall and 15 to 20 ft wide in an irregular shape. ( Log Out /  Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The leaves are alternate with a finely toothed margin. Chickasaw plum (Prunus angustifolia) is named for one of the native peoples that harvested its fruit for fresh and dried food uses. Definition of Chickasaw plum : a native American shrub or small tree (Prunus angustifolia) that has red or yellowish cherrylike fruit and has given rise to several cultivated varieties in the southern U.S. Its small sweet-tart fruits are pinkish-red to yellow with an extremely juicy golden flesh that will burst in your mouth. The bark is dark brown to red-ish, and has that characteristic Prunus look to it (i.e. P. angustifolia is very difficult to distinguish from Prunus umbellata, with which it hybridizes easily.[8]. [11], It is used by many species as a larval host, including the black-waved flannel moth, the blinded sphinx, the cecropia moth, the coral hairstreak, the elm sphinx, the hummingbird clearwing moth, the imperial moth, the Io moth, the polyphemus moth, the promethea silkmoth, the red-spotted purple, the small-eyed sphinx, the spring azure, the striped hairstreak, and the tiger swallowtail. Chickasaw plum (Prunus angustifolia) is named for one of the native peoples that harvested its fruit for fresh and dried food uses. Chickasaw Plum. Chickasaw plums tend to bloom early in the spring before many other plants bloom, and require very little maintenance; as a result, they are often used in ornamental horticulture. Their thicket growth pattern also make them ideal to prevent soil erosion in sandy areas where other plants may not take root because of dry conditions or soil type. Native Americans regularly consumed fresh fruits of Chickasaw plum or dried them for winter. There is no need to prepare the fruit, as songbirds love the fruit, and so do many other animals. The Chickasaw Plum’s natural inclination to turn into a thicket allows it to provide nesting habitat for a variety of wildlife such as turkeys, quail, deer, songbirds, etc. It was known to have been cultivated by Native Americans even before the discovery of the Americas and subsequent colonization by Europeans. They noticed little golden colored balls in the trees. They are known to make a pretty good plum wine, and that they did! ( Log Out /  Use of sand plums range from cover for native bird species to making jams, jellies, and wine from the fruit. Inspect the terminal ends after blossom drop. Map Legend. Chickasaw Plum (Prunus angustifolia). Its branches are reddish with thorn-like, small side branches. The fruit is round, and under an inch in diameter (most being roughly 1/2″). 934p. Reports are they make great jams or jellies, and pies (never tried it myself because of what else they are known to make). Plum trees begin to bear when they are three to six years of age. It’s good to hear from you, my friend. The thorny thicket is valuable for songbird and game bird nesting, loafing and roosting. The flowers bloom on the previous year’s wood and are especially dramatic since they appear before the trees puts out new leaves. [9] The species grows in dry and sandy soils, such as open woodlands, woodland edges, forest openings, savannahs, prairies, plains, meadows, pastures, and roadsides. Chickasaw plum - Prunus angustifolia Native Range Border Related Maps. The Chickasaw Plum is a wild native plum that will grow as a single tree or form a thicket if left unmanaged. Notice the “thin leaf” that gives this plant the name augustifolia. Home › Food › Wild Plum – Chickasaw Plum – Prunus Augustifolia, By greatoutdoordinary on July 24, 2018 • ( 2 ). In February, March, April and May, small white flowers blossom, 0.3–0.4 in wide, along with red plums, up to … Tall ( some get taller but most are short ) branches, Chickasaw plum their free time the. Are very attractive to a green fruit the hot summer months in spring. For “ plum, ” and augustifolia means “ thin leaf. ” they do a! Admit that I ’ m not even certain that I ’ m not even certain that I ’ m even... 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